There are three phases to the transition, which include perimenopause (when a woman’s body begins the transition); menopause (when you have experienced 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period); and postmenopause (generally 24 to 36 months after your last period, when your symptoms begin to subside).
Menopause is the cessation of menstrual periods, when you no longer ovulate and the ovaries stop producing estrogen. It is a forever thing. These symptoms, unlike menopause itself, don’t usually last forever, and they can vary in duration and severity from woman to woman.
Periods usually start to become less frequent over a few months or years before they stop altogether. Sometimes they can stop suddenly. The menopause is a natural part of ageing that usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age, as a woman’s oestrogen levels decline.Most women will experience menopausal symptoms.The average age of menopause is 51 years old, but menopause may occur as early as the 30s or as late as the 60s. There is no reliable lab test to predict when a woman will experience menopause. The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is not related to the age of menopause onset.
Although there is a usual range for how long menopause symptoms last, each woman’s journey is unique. The transition often takes about four years, but some symptoms may last longer. There are no hard and fast rules as menopause begins and ends on its own schedule.
And it can still be years before your last menstrual period. Some common, normal signs include irregular periods, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, and mood swings—all results of unevenly changing levels of ovarian hormones (estrogen) in your body.With menopause, the ovaries stop making estrogen, which can cause your vagina to become dry and less elastic or stretchy.
The same hormonal changes that cause symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats can also affect your mood and energy levels, leading to fatigue. Those hormone variations can also make it harder for you to sleep at night, which can leave you feeling tired during the day.
Common Signs of Menopause
- Irregular Periods. Your periods may become lighter, heavier, or more sporadic in perimenopause, which is the phase leading up to menopause. …
- Hot Flashes and Night Sweats.
- Mood Swings. …
- Loss of Libido and Sexual Discomfort.
As your hormone levels decrease with age, that can change your skin quality and make wrinkles worse.In some cases Doctor might advise blood tests including tests to check a woman’s levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).